What is the scientific term for sex cell


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Sexual reproduction




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Sex cells, or gametes, are unique to organisms that reproduce sexually. In animals and plants fungi are somewhat different in this regard there are two types of sex cells: The male sex cells are sperm, while the female sex cells are eggs. Sex cells are formed from special body cells that are typically located in sex organs. In most animals, sperm are formed in the testes of males, and eggs are formed in the ovaries of females. Sex cells contain only half of the hereditary material present in the body cells that form them.

In shun to redeeming reproduction, which involves a classy reform, sexual reproduction involves two. Housekeeping typically struts place somewhere between the computers of about 10 and 14 weeks.

This is important because male and female sex cells ultimately join to become a fertilized egg, teh gives rise to a new organism, or offspring. In order for the offspring to resemble its parents, its first cell must receive the entire genome from its two parents. For humans, we know there are 46 chromosomes in body cells existing as 23 pairs. A fertilized egg must therefore contain this same number and arrangement. In an elegant process called meiosis, each sex cell receives one member of each chromosome pair—23 total.

The ovary, which produced the female gametophyte sthen grows into a fruitwhich surrounds the seed s. Plants may either self-pollinate or cross-pollinate. Nonflowering plants like fernsmoss and sxientific use other means of sexual reproduction. Inflowers dating from the Cretaceous million years before present were found encased in amber, the oldest evidence of sexual reproduction in a flowering plant. Microscopic images showed tubes growing out of pollen and penetrating the flower's stigma. The pollen was sticky, suggesting it was carried by insects.

The spores are released and germinate to produce short, thin gametophytes that are typically heart shaped, small and green in color.

The gametophytes or thallusproduce both motile sperm in the antheridia and egg cells in separate archegonia. After rains or scietnific dew deposits a film of water, the motile sperm are splashed si from the antheridia, which are normally produced on the top side of the thallus, and swim in the film of water to the archegonia where zcientific fertilize the egg. To promote out crossing or cross fertilization the sperm are scidntific before the cdll are receptive of the sperm, making it more likely that the sperm will fertilize the eggs of different thallus. A zygote is formed after fertilization, which grows into a new sporophytic plant.

The condition of having separate sporephyte and gametophyte plants is called alternation of generations. Sloughing off of the lining of the uterus, which occurs monthly in non pregnant females who have not reached menopause the point at which menstrual cycles cease and which is manifested as a discharge of blood. Female reproductive organ that contains the eggs. A stage in the maturation of humans and higher primates where in the person first becomes capable of sexual reproduction. It is marked by the development of secondary sex characteristics, the maturation of the genital organs, and the beginning of menstruation in females. Puberty typically takes place somewhere between the ages of about 10 and 14 years.

Those unique traits that mark an individual as a male or female but which are not manifested in the sexual organs themselves.

The sex cell term is scientific What for

Facial hair and a deep voice in males or breast development as well as fpr and buttocks development in females areexamples. One of the two major varieties of reproduction, along with asexual reproduction. In contrast to asexual reproduction, which involves a single organism, sexual reproduction involves two. Sexual reproduction occurs when male and female gametes undergo fusion, a process known as fertilization, and produce cells that are genetically different from those of eitherparent.


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